Discovering Lam Kinh – Thanh Hoa, visitors have the opportunity to relive in a fascinating atmosphere of the Lam Son uprising.
Located in Xuan Lam commune, Tho Xuan District, Thanh Hoa, Lam Kinh was recognized as the national historical monument in 1962. It is famous for King Le Loi who are both intelligent and good at strategy, for hero Le Lai who changed the robes, rescued the Lord.
After the victory of the resistance against the Ming enemy (1418 – 1427), Le Loi crowned at Dong Do (Thang Long), founded the Later Le dynasty. To appreciate the homeland, as well as build bases for Lam Son movement, he built shrines in this place. Lam Kinh was wide formerly vast with mountains, river, villages. The word “Kinh” here does not mean urban but shows the respect for the king’s country.
Lam Kinh adheres to feng shui theory: the north leans on Dau mountain, overlooks Chu river in the South, Phu Lam forest is on the left, Huong mountain is in the right and Ham Rong mountain in the west. Citadel, palaces, shrines in Lam Kinh were built in the axis south – north on a Vuong-shaped hill (王). It was recorded that four faces of the citadel were 314m in length, 254m width, the northern wall in the shape of a bow had a radius of 164 meters and a thick of 1 meter. Experiencing the extreme devastation of natural disasters, walls, the triumphal arch, shrines… are now only the ruins.
Following the traces such as Ngoc (Pearl) River Bridge, the triumphal arch, the temple… which are newly restored, we get to the magnificent scenery that kept the footprint of one of the most brilliant kings of Vietnam. Here, not only the lavish festivities take place but also is a demonstration of the love and respect of poster with the ancestor, the fidelity to the land where protected the King and soldiers in the Lam Son uprising.
Discovering Lam Kinh, you will experience the strange story of unique guava tree which can smile inside the mausoleum of King Le. When we touch lightly on the stem, the leaves begin to quiver like laughing. Holding on a branch, closing your eyes, you will feel comfortable and feel that the tree is slightly vibrant. Many people explain that this phenomenon is caused by the magnetic field created right under the tree. It is also said that because this place is where the earth and the sky converge, that’s why only in the mausoleum, the tree can laugh when being extracted and planted in other places, this phenomenon disappears.
In the middle of the citadel in the southwest of Dragon courtyard, there is also the presence of the banian tree of more than 300 years old. Formerly, the birds carried seeds of the tree and dropped into the ground, then the banyan tree grew, embraced the Thị (Gold Apple) tree, later, the two trees merged and grew in one foot with the width of nearly dozen of people’s arms. In 2013, the tree was recognized as a heritage tree for its unique historical value by Vietnam Association for Conservation of Nature and Environment.
Due to the ups and downs of history and time, many mausoleums, monuments in Lam Kinh were completely damaged. In recent years, the People’s Committee of Thanh Hoa province has begun to rebuild the ruins on the ground after a period of excavation, archaeology.
Discovering Lam Kinh, living in the ancient history space, learning and witnessing the strange story, you like to go back to ancient time to be proud of and love dearly Vietnamese land. Here, you will experience one thing that, glorious history does not exist only in the pages of books, but also is very clearly visible in today and add strength to each people to build and protect the motherland.